Vocal cords were overrated anyway. A new Army grant aims to create email or voice mail and send it by thought alone. No need to type an e-mail, dial a phone or even speak a word.
Known as synthetic telepathy, the technology is based on reading electrical activity in the brain using an electroencephalograph, or EEG. Similar technology is being marketed as a way to control video games by thought. The idea of communicating by thought alone is not a new one.
In the s, a researcher strapped an EEG to his head and, with some training, could stop and start his brain's alpha waves to compose Morse code messages. The first is to compose a message using, as D'Zmura puts it, "that little voice in your head. The second part is to send that message to a particular individual or object like a radioalso just with the power of thought. Once the message reaches the recipient, it could be read as text or as a voice mail.
While the money may come from the Army and its first use could be for covert operations, D'Zmura thinks that thought-based communication will find more use in the civilian realm. EEG-based gaming devices are large and fairly conspicuous, but D'Zmura thinks that eventually they could be incorporated into a baseball hat or a hood.
As the disease progresses, patients have fully functional brains but slowly lose control over their muscles. Synthetic telepathy could be a way for these patients to communicate. One of the first areas for thought-based communication is in the gaming world, said Paul Sajda of Columbia University. Commercial EEG headsets already exist that allow wearers to manipulate virtual objects by thought alone, noted Sajda, but thinking "move rock" is easier than, say, "Have everyone meet at Starbucks at One difficulty in composing specific messages is fundamental — EEGs are not very specific.
They can only locate a signal to within about one to two centimeters. That's a large distance in the brain.
In the brain's auditory cortex, for example, two centimeters is the difference between low notes and high notes, D'Zmura said. Placing electrodes between the skull and the brain would offer more precise readings, but it is expensive and requires invasive surgery. To work around this problem, the scientists need to gain a much better understanding of what words and phrases light up what brain sections.
To create a detailed map of the brain scientists will also use functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI and magnetoencephalography MEG. Each technology has its own strengths and weaknesses. EEGs detect brain activity only on the outer bulges of the brain's folds. MEGs read brain activity on the inner folds but are too large to put on your head. FMRIs detect brain activity more accurately than either but are heavy and expensive.That's an old joke, but there are several claimed types of psychic powers, including precognition knowing the future and telepathy describing things at a remote location.
But for sheer impressiveness it's hard to beat psychokinesis, the ability to move objects through mind power. The word is derived from the Greek words for "mind" and "motion" and is also called PK or telekinesis. Fictional psychokinetics are easy to find: The popular X-Men comic and film franchise includes the character Jean Grey, whose powers include extrasensory perception and psychokinesis.
The movie "Push" is about a group of young Americans with various psychic abilities who team up and use their paranormal powers against a shadowy U.
Though many Americans believe in psychic ability about 15 percent of us, according to a Baylor Religion Surveyscientific evidence for its existence remains elusive. Some people even link psychokinesis to the spiritual world, suggesting for example that some reports of ghosts — such as poltergeists — are not manifestations of the undead at all, but instead the unconscious releases of a person's psychic anger or angst. If people could move everyday objects with nothing more than their thoughts, this should be quite easy to demonstrate: Who wouldn't like their latte delivered by a psychic barista from across the counter, floating it right to your hand with a mere gesture?
This doesn't happen, of course. Instead researchers have focused on what they term "micro-PK," or the manipulation of very small objects.
The idea is that if the ability exists, its force is obviously very weak. Therefore, the less physical energy that would have to be exerted on an object to physically move it, the more obvious the effect should be. For this reason, laboratory experiments often focus on rather mundane feats such as trying to make dice land on a certain number at an above-chance rate, or influencing a computerized random number generator.
Because of this change in methodologies, psychokinesis experiments rely more heavily on complex statistical analyses; the issue was not whether a person could bend a spoon or knock a glass over with their minds, for example, but whether they could make a coin come up heads significantly above 50 percent of the time over the course of 1, trials.
The idea of people being able to move objects through mind power alone has intrigued people for centuries, though only in the late s was it seen as an ability that might be scientifically demonstrated. Though many people were convinced — including, ironically, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes — it was all a hoax. Fraudulent psychics resorted to trickery, using everything from hidden wires to black-clad accomplices to make objects appear to move untouched. As the public slowly grew wise to the faked psychokinesis, the phenomenon faded from view.
It was revived again in the s and s, when a researcher at Duke University named J. Rhine became interested in the idea that people could affect the outcome of random events using their minds. Rhine began with tests of dice rolls, asking subjects to influence the outcome through the power of their minds.
Though his results were mixed and the effects were small, they were enough to convince him that there was something mysterious going on.
Unfortunately for Rhine, other researchers failed to duplicate his findings, and many errors were found in his methods.
In the s, Uri Geller became the world's best-known psychic and made millions traveling the world demonstrating his claimed psychokinetic abilities, including starting broken watches and bending spoons.
Though he denied using magic tricks, many skeptical researchers observed that all of Geller's amazing feats could be — and have been — duplicated by magicians. Public interest in psychokinesis returned in the s. One person nationally known for claimed psychokinetic ability, James Hydrick, tried to demonstrate his powers on the television show "That's My Line" infollowing several successful television appearances. He claimed to move small objects, such as a pencil or the pages of a telephone book, with his mind.
Host Bob Barker consulted with skeptic James Randi, who suspected that Hydrick was merely discreetly blowing on the pages to make them move. To prevent this method of trickery Randi placed styrofoam bits around the open book, as the lightweight pieces would clearly be disturbed if the pages were moving because of Hydrick's breath instead of his mind.
After many awkward minutes in front of Barker, Randi, a panel of judges, and the live studio audience, a flustered Hydrick finally said that his powers weren't cooperating. Hydrick later admitted that his psychokinetic powers had been faked, and marveled at how easy it had been to fool the public.
Even many researchers admit that the data fall far short of scientific standards of proof; researcher Russell Targ, in his book "The Reality of ESP"Quest Books acknowledges that "the evidence for laboratory psychokinesis is quite weak. Recent advances in virtual reality technology may, however, be the next best thing.
Ina company called Neurable announced plans to develop psychokinesis — or at least a virtual reality form of it — for a game called Awakening. Using a combination of eye movement tracking technology and electroencephalogram EEG sensors in a headset, the game allows a player to move and manipulate objects in a virtual world merely by looking and thinking.
After an initial calibration process that takes several minutes, the players can select and move computer-generated images. Perhaps one day technology will allow us to actually move objects with our thoughts, but until then we must be satisfied with the power depicted in fiction and fantasy.
Live Science.Get unlimited access to The Atavist Magazine and enjoy any story from our award-winning catalog. Support great writing by joining the Atavist today. She lives in Northern California. Devilry of the kind necessary to kill a toddler had to be punished, and swiftly.
On a foggy Saturday morning in AprilHorn sat in the parlor of the Edwardian house that served as the office of the StarNewsone of two newspapers in a rural county wedged between Atlanta and the Alabama border. On this story in particular she had some things to say. One day in the spring ofa three-year-old girl was brought to the local hospital, blue and bruised and dead. Her name was Amber, and she came from what many people would call a broken home.
Her young mother had a checkered past. She was also new in town. Most residents of Carroll County are homegrown, and they often view outsiders with suspicion. Carroll County is in the Bible Belt, and people saw Boyer as the embodiment of everything they claimed to despise: unwed, abusive, sexually promiscuous, ungodly.
Boyer, who professed her innocence, went to prison for life. She had done her job as a journalist, examined the facts of the case. She had identified what she believed was a pattern of disregard, or worse.
The camera belonged to three college students who had come to Carroll County for a class project. If you zoomed out, the scene took on a kaleidoscopic aspect: I was taking notes on the students, who were taking notes on the reporter, who for years had been taking notes on Boyer. Students, reporters, lawyers, artists, a romantic suitor, paranormal enthusiasts—a parade of personalities had made themselves part of her story by offering themselves up as potential saviors.
They had done so out of genuine concern for her, but in some instances they had also used Boyer as a screen to project their own desires and ambitions. Boyer, now 50, has spent more than half her life in prison.
She is warm and agreeable, with brown eyes and cropped sandy-blond hair. She also seems impressible, as though anything said to her will leave a mark. Her magnetism, I came to realize, is in part her baldness of hope—her ardent, almost guileless wish to be delivered. Long before she was accused of killing her daughter, Boyer was susceptible to aspiring emancipators, people swooping in with promises to pluck her from her circumstances.
And why not? She was placed in long-term foster care with John and Joan Resch, a couple who had taken in hundreds of children in Columbus. They eventually adopted her. Things were hard for Tina, as Boyer was called back then.The Parapsychological Association furthers the scientific study of near death experiences by supporting the research of multi-disciplinary investigators around the globe. The grants competition for the Parapsychological Association Research Endowment PARE has come to a close, and two grant proposals have been awarded.
The Parapsychological Association PA will be providing funds to support research into two different projects related to near death experiences NDEs. Each research initiative will explore areas that have far-reaching implications for furthering the science of parapsychology and understanding the nature of consciousness. Marianna Drinoczi is a clinical psychologist, psychosomatician, art therapist, and Ph.
Renaud Evrard. She obtained her MA degree in clinical psychology at the University of Lorraine in and is a student member of the Parapsychological Association.
A psychodynamic approach views NDEs as psychosomatic reactions to the surprising perception of the proximity of death. These psychosomatic reactions may have an adaptive function to prevent certain adverse effects of trauma.
Army developing ‘synthetic telepathy’
Artistic expression may help psychological integration for NDErs and provide greater potential for psychological growth and transformation. He is currently a Ph. David Luke, researching psychedelic and spiritual experiencespecifically the phenomenology and physiology of DMT and near-death experiences NDEs. He will be recruiting individuals who have survived a cardiac arrest and who have also had an NDE, along with individuals who have had no such associated experience as a control group.
Volunteers will provide blood samples and as well as undergo an EEG session for the purpose of detecting baseline concentrations of the endogenous psychedelic Dimethyltryptamine DMTas well as investigating resting cortical excitation-inhibition imbalance and power spectra.
Previous studies suggest that DMT models the near-death experience, and that DMT and high-frequency seizure-like activity occur in the dying mammalian brain. Parapsychology News.Stanford University has many claims to fame when it comes to paranormal research: For starters, the esteemed university can rightfully assert itself as the first academic institution in the United States to study extrasensory perception ESP and psychokinesis PK on an official basis.
This secretive project was an effort by the CIA to explore the practical applications of Remote Viewing. Unfortunately, during the mids, Stargate Project research officially ceased due to claims that the project failed to yield useful applications and intended objectives—but word on the street is that claims of failure were overexaggerated, and that research merely continued unofficially under the popular radar.
InDuke researchers J. Laboratory research focused mainly on the critical study of extrasensory perception ESP and psychokinesis PK. To this day, Rhine is commonly accepted to be the father of parapsychologynot only for having coined the term with the help of his trailblazing partner McDougall, but also for having almost singlehandedly established parapsychology itself as a field of scientific and academic inquiry. While the Rhine name is no longer associated with Duke University directly, J.
Not everyone conducts paranormal research with the hope of finally harnessing proof of its existence. Recently, a team of Harvard scientists set out to disprove the existence of ESPand even introduced a new method of research into the mix in order to do it.
The division is still kicking today, holding the field of Parapsychology afloat in North America as one of the only university-sanctioned paranormal research programs remaining in the U. DPS research has explored such phenomena as reincarnation most specifically through its focus on children who claim to remember past livesnear death experiences NDEsapparitions and after-death communications, altered states of consciousness, as well as many other psychic psi experiences.
The Division credits its persistence over time with the great success it has had in substantiating claims within its reincarnation research. The Department of Psychology at the University of Arizona is parent to an interesting and ever-evolving body of paranormal research. From toVERITAS explored survival existence of the personality beyond death and mediumship, until the decision was made to create a more comprehensive body of research including broader claims of after-death communication, such as communion with discarnate entities spirit guides, angels, divine higher power under the program name SOPHIA.
Barry Taff. The lab operated on the fifth floor of what is now the Semel Institute, and existed by effort of a small group of passionate volunteer researchers—including Dr.
After a little over ten years of research, the toll of political tension and pressure from unapproving university administration over ongoing media attention got the best of the projectand research was forced to conclude abruptly.
Today, the lab itself is a ghost of sorts: UCLA and Semel Institute officials deny that the lab ever existed—other than a few flyers advertising the parapsychology classes which were taught on campus by the researchers, no evidence of the lab or its research even exist. InCornell University's Daryl Bem concluded a rigorous eight year study on the subject of precognitionwhich involved Cornell undergrads over nine experimental runs and resulted in unprecedented, almost incomprehensibly positive results.
This entity of research is the esteemed Koestler Parapsychology Unit KPUwhich prides itself on its interdisciplinary approach to parapsychology. Scientific research at KPU examines such phenomenal claims as extrasensory perception ESP and psychokinesis PKas well as the nature and consequences of belief in the paranormal itself.
InKPU brought research into the 21st century when it used Twitter as the platform for conducting a mass-participation research project in the area of remote viewing and ESP. While the study itself did not conclusively show evidence for remote viewing per se, it was determined that Twitter was an excellent tool for future studies conducted by the Unit. This Mobile Telepathy Test seeks to explore instances of possible telepathy involving individuals receiving a phone call from someone they have just thought about.
New Zealand Girl Sends Prime Minister $5 'Bribe' To Fund Dragon Research
Through its research and experimentation, APRU hopes to determine whether this apparent phenomena is simply a coincidence, or possibly indicative of psi phenomena such as telepathy or precognition. Also on the menu at APRU are studies in altered states of consciousness and hypnosisas well as a series of recently concluded projects including the Joint Telepathy Test, which aimed to determine the possibility of sensing, for instance, when individuals are looking at the same photo simultaneously.
Ina division of dedicated research was established at the University of Adelaide in South Australia in order to further the scientific and academic study of psi phenomena. Michael A. The ever-progressive Lund University of Sweden is currently involved in a long-term research projectinvestigating states of consciousness and parapsychology. The program aims to find a correlation between hypnotic suggestibility and incidence of psi phenomena during experiments.
This inquiry follows previous experiments which found that highly suggestible individuals are found to experience a high rate of anomalous experiences such as telepathy and clairvoyance. The Netherlands is definitely known for its proclivity to produce open-minded thinkers.
The event, considered to be one of the most critical moments in the history of modern scientific parapsychology, brought together 78 scientists and parapsychologists from 13 countries, who lectured and held exciting roundtable discussions about current research and to plan for the future of the field.
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The entries in the database may not be exhaustive and new research will be added regularly. Articles are searchable by author, key word title, author, journaljournal, or by general topic. The evidence retrieval sub-group has begun collaboration with key partners to enrich the citations and build a more comprehensive database with inclusion of other content.
To access the database. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters. By listing publications in this database and providing links to external sites does not mean that WHO endorses or recommends those publications or sites, or has verified the content contained within them.
In no event shall WHO be liable for damages arising from its use. Getty Images. Update on research activities for novel coronavirus.
International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. The database is updated daily, Monday through Friday. To download the entire database in CSV or bibliographic format, please click here.Before arriving at the death camp, she had been stuffed into a train car on a seemingly endless journey from Hungary.
Now, she and her twin sister Miriam pressed close as Nazi guards shouted orders in German. Suddenly, an SS guard stopped in front of the identical girls. The SS guard grabbed her and Miriam, whisking them away from their mother as they screamed and called her name.
They never saw her again. Eva and Miriam had just become subjects of a massive, inhumane medical experimentation program at Auschwitz-Birkenau—a program aimed solely at thousands of twins, many of them children. Twins Eva and Miriam Mozes are pictured on the far right. Mengele usually used one twin as a control and subjected the other to everything from blood transfusions to forced inseminationinjections with diseases, amputationsand murder.
Those that died were dissected and studied; their surviving twins were killed and subjected to the same scrutiny. But the twin experiments that had helped create the eugenics movement would, ironically, lead to the downfall of eugenics itself.
For eugenicists like Mengele, identical twins like the Mozes sisters were the perfect research subjects. Since they share a genome, scientists reasoned, any physical or behavioral differences in twins would be due to behavior, not genetics. Eugenicists held genetics responsible for undesirable characteristics and social conditions like criminality and poverty.
They believed that selective breeding could be used to encourage socially acceptable behavior and wipe out undesirable tendencies. Eva Mozes Kor attending a ceremony to mark the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. She is holding a photograph of herself and her twin sister Miriam taken by the Soviets after the liberation of the camp.
By the time twin research began at Auschwitz-Birkenau in the s, the use of twins in scientific experimentation was decades old. Though prior twin experiments had produced growing evidence that environment was as important as genetics, eugenics researchers clung to the idea that they could unlock new insights into nature and nurture through studying them.
One of them, Otmar von Verschuerhad significant power and influence in Nazi Germany. An advocate for forced sterilization and selective breeding, von Verschuer collected genetic information on large numbers of twins, studying the statistics in an attempt to determine whether everything from disease to criminal behavior could be inherited. And he had a protege: a young physician named Josef Mengele.
13 University-Sanctioned Paranormal Research Projects
Like his mentor, Mengele was vehemently racist and a devoted member of the Nazi Party. Inhe began working at Auschwitz-Birkenau as a medical officer.
At first, Mengele was in charge of the Roma camp there, but in the entire remaining population of the camp was murdered in the gas chambers. Mengele was promoted to chief camp physician of the entire Birkenau camp, and became known for his brutal selections of incoming prisoners for the gas chambers.
Though his earlier experiments had been legitimate, his work in Auschwitz-Birkenau was not. Abandoning medical ethics and research protocols, Mengele began conducting horrific experiments on up to 1, sets of twins, many of them children.
They were not selected for the gas chambers, lived in separate quarters, and were given additional food and medical care.